Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery (CABG)

Ram Mangal Heart Foundation is where one should go for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery also known as CABG surgery. CABG is the most usual kind of heart surgery. CABG increases blood flow to the heart. Surgeons use CABG to treat patients who have coronary artery disease (CAD).

CAD is a disease in which a waxy material called plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries.These arteries provide oxygen-rich blood to your heart.

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Over time, plaque can harden or rupture. Chronic plaque narrows the coronary arteries and reduces the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart. If the plaque ruptures, a blood clot can form on its cover. A large blood clot can often or completely prevent blood flow through a coronary artery. This is the most common cause of a heart attack

During CABG, a healthy artery or vein from the body is connected, or grafted, to the blocked coronary artery. The grafted artery or vein bypasses (goes around) the blocked portion of the coronary artery. This creates a new path for oxygen-rich blood to flow to the heart muscle. A Surgeon can bypass multiple blocked coronary arteries during one surgery.

Signs of coronary artery disease may include:

Chest pain

Fatigue

Palpitations

Indigestion

Abnormal heart rhythms

Shortness of breath

Swelling in the hands and feet

Atrial Septal Defect Surgery

Ram Mangal Heat Foundation has been working for years in the cardiac vicinity and Atrial Septal Defect Surgery is a part of that vicinity. The Atrial Septum is the wall between the left and right atria (upper chambers) of the heart. A hole in that wall is called an Atrial Septal Defect (ASD). In the presence of this defect, pure and impure blood can mix together over time, cause medical problems and arrhythmias.

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Sometimes, an ASD can be closed without open-heart surgery. First, the surgeon makes a tiny cut in the groin. Then the surgeon inserts a wire into a blood vessel that goes to the heart. Next, two small umbrella-shaped “clamshell” devices are placed on the right and left sides of the septum. These two devices are attached to each other which closes the hole in the heart.

Open-heart surgery can also be done to repair ASD. In this operation, the septum can be closed using stitches. Another way to cover the hole is with a patch.

Coarctation Of The Aorta Repair Surgery

Ram Mangal Heart Foundation is known for providing the best cardiac surgeries and Coarctation of the Aorta Repair surgery is one of them. The Coarctation of the Aorta happens when a part of the aorta has a really thin section. The pattern looks like an hourglass timer. The reduction makes it hard for blood to get through to the lower limbs. Over time, it can lead to difficulties such as high blood pressure. To repair this, a cut is most usually made on the left side of the chest, between the ribs.

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There are various ways to repair coarctation of the aorta:

1st Method

The most common method to repair it is to cut a small section and make it larger with a patch made of Gore-tex, a man-made material.

2nd Method

The second method is, it can be repaired by removing the small part of the aorta and stitch the remaining ends together. This can most usually be done in older kids.

3rd Method

The third way to repair this problem is called the subclavian flap. First, a cut is made in the thin part of the aorta. Then, a patch is taken from the left subclavian artery to increase the small section of the aorta.

4th Method

The fourth way to repair is a bit difficult. The surgeon has to attach a tube to the normal parts of the aorta, on either side of the small section. Blood moves through the tube and bypasses the narrow section.

Ventricular Septal Defect Surgery

Ram Mangal Heart Foundation is very precise in their work and it is evident enough in the surgeries they perform and ventricular septal defect surgery(hole in the heart) is one such evidence

A ventricular septal defect (VSD), a hole in the heart, is a common heart defect that's present at birth (congenital). The hole (defect) occurs in the wall (septum) that separates the heart's lower chambers (ventricles) and allows blood to pass from the left to the right side of the heart. The oxygen-rich blood then gets pumped back to the lungs instead of out to the body, causing the heart to work harder.

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A small ventricular septal defect may cause no problems, and many small VSDs close on their own. Medium or larger VSDs may need surgical repair early in life to prevent complicationsA small ventricular septal defect may cause no problems, and many small VSDs close on their own. Medium or larger VSDs may need surgical repair early in life to prevent complications

Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of serious heart defects often appear during the first few days, weeks or months of a child's life.

Ventricular septal defect (VSD) symptoms in a baby may include:

Poor eating, failure to thrive

Fast breathing or breathlessness

Easy tiring

You and your doctor may not notice signs of a ventricular septal defect at birth. If the defect is small, symptoms may not appear until later in childhood — if at all. Signs and symptoms vary depending on the size of the hole and other associated heart defects.

Your doctor may first suspect a heart defect during a regular checkup if he or she hears a murmur while listening to your baby's heart with a stethoscope. Sometimes VSDs can be detected by ultrasound before the baby is born.

Sometimes a VSD isn't detected until a person reaches adulthood. Symptoms and signs can include shortness of breath or a heart murmur your doctor hears when listening to your heart with a stethoscope.

When to see a doctor?

Call your doctor if your baby or child:

Tires easily when eating or playing

Is not gaining weight

Becomes breathless when eating or crying

Breathes rapidly or is short of breath

Call your doctor if you develop:

Shortness of breath when you exert yourself or when you lie down

Rapid or irregular heartbeat

Fatigue