Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery (CABG)
Ram Mangal Heart Foundation is where one should go for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery also known as CABG surgery. CABG is the most usual kind of heart surgery. CABG increases blood flow to the heart. Surgeons use CABG to treat patients who have coronary artery disease (CAD).
CAD is a disease in which a waxy material called plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries. These arteries provide oxygen-rich blood to your heart.
Over time, plaque can harden or rupture. Chronic plaque narrows the coronary arteries and reduces the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the heart. If the plaque ruptures, a blood clot can form on its cover. A large blood clot can often or completely prevent blood flow through a coronary artery. This is the most common cause of a heart attack
During CABG, a healthy artery or vein from the body is connected, or grafted, to the blocked coronary artery. The grafted artery or vein bypasses (goes around) the blocked portion of the coronary artery. This creates a new path for oxygen-rich blood to flow to the heart muscle. A Surgeon can bypass multiple blocked coronary arteries during one surgery.
Signs of coronary artery disease may include:
- Chest pain
- Abnormal heart rhythms
- Shortness of breath
- Swelling in the hands and feet
Mitral Valve Replacement Surgery
Mitral valve repair and mitral valve replacement are types of surgery to fix or replace a leaky or stiff mitral valve in the heart. The mitral valve is between the left heart chambers (left atrium and left ventricle).
Mitral valve repair and mitral valve replacement may be done as an open-heart surgery procedure or as minimally invasive heart surgery. Sometimes a mitral valve problem may be treated with a catheter-based procedure. The specific procedure used depends on the severity of your mitral valve disease and whether it’s getting worse.
Aortic valve repair and aortic valve replacement
Aortic valve repair and aortic valve replacement are procedures that treat diseases affecting the aortic valve, one of four valves that control blood flow through the heart.
The aortic valve helps keep blood flowing in the correct direction through the heart. It separates the heart’s main pumping chamber (left ventricle) and the main artery that supplies oxygen-rich blood to your body (aorta).
With each contraction of the ventricle, the aortic valve opens and allows blood to flow from the left ventricle into the aorta. When the ventricle relaxes, the aortic valve closes to prevent blood from flowing backward into the ventricle.
When the aortic valve isn’t working properly, it can interfere with blood flow and force the heart to work harder to send blood to the rest of your body.
Aortic valve repair or aortic valve replacement can treat aortic valve disease and help restore normal blood flow, reduce symptoms, prolong life and help preserve the function of your heart muscle.
Atrial Septal Defect Surgery
Ram Mangal Heat Foundation has been working for years in the cardiac vicinity and Atrial Septal Defect Surgery is a part of that vicinity. The Atrial Septum is the wall between the left and right atria (upper chambers) of the heart. A hole in that wall is called an Atrial Septal Defect (ASD). In the presence of this defect, pure and impure blood can mix together over time, cause medical problems and arrhythmias.
Open-heart surgery can also be done to repair ASD. In this operation, the septum can be closed using stitches. Another way to cover the hole is with a patch.
Double Valve Replacement
A double valve replacement is a replacement of both the mitral and the aortic valve, or the entire left side of the heart. This type of surgery is not as common as the others and the mortality rate is slightly higher. A double valve replacement is a replacement of both the mitral and the aortic valve, or the entire left side of the heart. This type of surgery is not as common as the others and the mortality rate is slightly higher.
A Bentall procedure is surgery to help correct problems with your aorta. Your aorta’s role is to carry oxygen-rich blood from your heart to the rest of your body. Sized at around 30 centimetres long and 2.5 cm wide, your aorta is the largest artery in your body.
Why do I need a Bentall procedure?
Your doctor may recommend a Bentall procedure for you if you have problems with your aorta. Some of the most common problems that can occur include:
- Aortic regurgitation – when your heart’s aortic valve doesn’t close properly
- Marfan’s syndrome – a disease from birth that weakens the aortic wall thickness
- Aortic aneurysm – widening of the aorta
- Aortic dissection – when the inner layer of the aorta tears
Ventricular septal rupture surgery
The interventricular septum divides the ventricular chamber into right and left ventricles. A rare but lethal complication of acute myocardial infarction is a ventricular septal rupture. The condition is now rare because of an aggressive approach towards early reperfusion therapy; however, mortality is still high.
Coarctation Of The Aorta Repair Surgery
Ram Mangal Heart Foundation is known for providing the best cardiac surgeries and Coarctation of the Aorta Repair surgery is one of them. The Coarctation of the Aorta happens when a part of the aorta has a really thin section. The pattern looks like an hourglass timer. The reduction makes it hard for blood to get through to the lower limbs. Over time, it can lead to difficulties such as high blood pressure. To repair this, a cut is most usually made on the left side of the chest, between the ribs.
Ascending Aorta Replacement Surgery
Ascending aortic replacement is performed for aneurysms or dissections that are located exclusively in the ascending aorta. If the aortic arch or aortic root are involved in the process, they can be replaced at the same time.
Ventricular Septal Defect Surgery
Ram Mangal Heart Foundation is very precise in their work and it is evident enough in the surgeries they perform and ventricular septal defect surgery(hole in the heart) is one such evidence
A ventricular septal defect (VSD), a hole in the heart, is a common heart defect that’s present at birth (congenital). The hole (defect) occurs in the wall (septum) that separates the heart’s lower chambers (ventricles) and allows blood to pass from the left to the right side of the heart. The oxygen-rich blood then gets pumped back to the lungs instead of out to the body, causing the heart to work harder.
A small ventricular septal defect may cause no problems, and many small VSDs close on their own. Medium or larger VSDs may need surgical repair early in life to prevent complicationsA small ventricular septal defect may cause no problems, and many small VSDs close on their own. Medium or larger VSDs may need surgical repair early in life to prevent complications
Signs and symptoms of serious heart defects often appear during the first few days, weeks or months of a child’s life.
Ventricular septal defect (VSD) symptoms in a baby may include:
- Poor eating, failure to thrive
- Fast breathing or breathlessness
- Easy tiring
You and your doctor may not notice signs of a ventricular septal defect at birth. If the defect is small, symptoms may not appear until later in childhood — if at all. Signs and symptoms vary depending on the size of the hole and other associated heart defects.
Your doctor may first suspect a heart defect during a regular checkup if he or she hears a murmur while listening to your baby’s heart with a stethoscope. Sometimes VSDs can be detected by ultrasound before the baby is born.
Sometimes a VSD isn’t detected until a person reaches adulthood. Symptoms and signs can include shortness of breath or a heart murmur your doctor hears when listening to your heart with a stethoscope.
When to see a doctor?
Call your doctor if your baby or child:
- Tires easily when eating or playing
- Is not gaining weight
- Becomes breathless when eating or crying
- Breathes rapidly or is short of breath
Call your doctor if you develop:
- Shortness of breath when you exert yourself or when you lie down
- Rapid or irregular heartbeat
Cone Repair Surgery
Tricuspid valve repair and tricuspid valve replacement are procedures that treat diseases affecting the tricuspid valve, one of four valves that control blood flow through the heart.
The tricuspid valve helps keep blood flowing in the right direction through the heart. It separates one of the heart’s two upper and lower chambers (atria and ventricles). With each heartbeat, the atria fill with blood from the body and lungs, and the ventricles contract to pump blood to the lungs and the rest of the body.
As the atria fill to capacity, the tricuspid valve opens to allow blood to flow from the right atrium into the right ventricle. As the ventricles contract, the tricuspid valve shuts tightly to prevent blood from flowing back into the right atrium.
If the tricuspid valve isn’t working correctly, it can interfere with the proper direction of blood flow and force the heart to work harder to send blood to the lungs and the rest of your body.
Tricuspid valve repair or tricuspid valve replacement can treat tricuspid valve disease and help restore normal blood flow, reduce symptoms, improve survival in some people and help preserve the function of your heart muscle.